Tsum Valley

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Tour Details

As it is a trekking in a restricted area, a minimum of two people is required to do it.

The Tsum Valley Trek, which opened for trekking in 2008, is a hidden gem located in the northern Gorkha region of Nepal. This valley holds immense cultural and religious significance as a sacred Himalayan Buddhist pilgrimage site. The name “Tsum” itself conveys the vibrant beauty of the valley, set against the backdrop of the Ganesh Himal, Sringi Himal, and Boudha Ranges. It’s a serene place rich in ancient art, culture, and religion, where the local inhabitants, who mostly have Tibetan roots, speak a unique dialect.

When trekking in the Tsum Valley, you’ll encounter trails adorned with artistic Chortens (Buddhist shrines) and Mani walls, which are stone slabs engraved with deity images and prayers. This region has a deep-rooted history of Buddhism, and it’s even believed that the revered Buddhist saint Milarepa meditated in the mountain caves here. In the past, the valley was divided into thirteen provinces known as “Tsum Tso Chuksum,” and remnants of this ancient kingdom can still be seen today.

The Tsum Valley’s remote and inaccessible nature has shielded it from mainstream development, preserving its unique culture and traditions. The valley is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including Himalayan Thar and Blue Sheep, both of which are protected species. Hunting and fishing are strictly prohibited in the Tsum Valley.

Additionally, the Tsum Valley boasts several unique and historic monasteries, such as Rachen Gompa and Mu Gompa, nestled in the valley’s picturesque plateau. This hidden gem lies in the Manaslu region, near the Tibetan border, and offers a distinctive Tibetan Buddhist ambiance that sets it apart from the surrounding countryside.

Despite its remoteness, reaching the starting point of the trek is surprisingly accessible, with just a 7-hour drive from Kathmandu. However, it’s essential to be reasonably fit for this trek, as most of the 14 days involve walking at altitudes exceeding 3,000 meters, with daily treks stretching from 5 to 7 hours.

The trail takes you through enchanting pine forests, alongside rivers with cascading waterfalls, and across remarkable suspension bridges. You’ll pass through fascinating villages and visit numerous religious sites, including Milarepa’s Cave. The trek offers breathtaking vistas of Himalchuli (7,893m), Ganesh Himal (7,140m), Manaslu (8,163m), Churke Himal, and the Poshyop Glacier.

For trekkers fascinated by Tibetan culture and the allure of the mountains, the Tsum Valley provides a unique opportunity to immerse themselves in Tibetan Buddhist communities, interact with monks and nuns, and soak in the awe-inspiring views of the Himalayas, creating an almost pilgrimage-like experience in this hidden valley.

Furthermore, the Tsum Valley Trek can be undertaken as a standalone adventure or seamlessly combined with the Manaslu Trek for those with more time to explore this captivating region.

Price Includes

  • Pre-trek online personal advice
  • Round trip vehicle from Kathmandu to the Restricted Area
  • All permits
  • Bedroom in teahouse lodges during trek
  • Three meals per day during trek
  • Government registered, well experienced, English speaker and friendly local trekking guide
  • Staff fees with all their expenses and necessary insurance
  • Welcome dinner

Price Excludes

  • Nepal visa fee
  • Health insurance with heli-rescue up to 4,000m (compulsory)
  • Any expenses which arise due to a change of the itinerary, because of landslides, political trouble, and strikes etc.
  • Personal expenses (phone charging, WiFi, hot shower, laundry...)
  • Drinks and Bar Menu
  • Breakfast on the first day, dinner on the last day
  • Gratuity (optinal)

You can add to your pack

  • Guide in your own language
  • Porter (20kg max)
  • Private room during trek
  • Sightseeing in Kathmandu
  • Accommodation in Kathmandu
  • Three meals per day in Kathmandu
  • Private vehicle during trek
  • Taxi service
  • International flight


  • Firante's gift
  • Combine several treks and extend your trip
What to Expect

Nestled in the heart of the Tsum Valley, this trek promises an immersive journey into a secluded sanctuary where the splendor of nature and the richness of culture seamlessly blend. Situated in the Manaslu region near the Tibetan border, this region offers a unique tapestry of experiences. As you set off on your trek, you’ll find yourself enveloped in a serene ambiance, drawing you into a world deeply influenced by Tibetan-style Buddhism. The locals, primarily of Tibetan descent, adhere to their own traditions and dialect, making this place truly distinctive. The trek begins with a picturesque drive from Kathmandu to Arughat, setting the stage for the adventure that unfolds. Along the way, prepare to be captivated by the beauty of cascading waterfalls, meandering rivers, and the allure of hidden caves.

What sets this trek apart is its accessibility for those concerned about altitude sickness, as most of the journey unfolds at lower altitudes. Keep your eyes peeled for the region’s wildlife, including the elusive blue sheep and the Himalayan tahr, which adds a touch of wilderness to your expedition. The Tsum Valley is adorned with Buddhist monasteries, chortens, prayer flags, and mani walls, providing glimpses into the spiritual essence of the area. Every twist and turn in the trail reveals breathtaking vistas of majestic peaks like Ganesh Himal and Himal Chuli, creating a paradise for photographers.

As you venture through diverse landscapes, from lush pine and rhododendron forests to charming suspension bridges, you’ll have the chance to engage with the friendly locals, including lamas, and gain insights into their unique way of life. Explore off-the-beaten-path routes within the Manaslu Region and uncover the hidden treasures of the Tsum Valley. At every step, you’ll be treated to panoramic views that encompass Hiunchuli, Ganesh Himal, Manaslu, and the Poshyop Glacier. The trek offers a perfect blend of natural beauty, spiritual exploration, and cultural immersion, making it an unforgettable adventure into the heart of the Tsum Valley.

  • Experience the tranquility of remote Nepal.
  • Discover the hidden gem of Tibetan culture.
  • Interact with local lamas and gain insights into their way of life.
  • Immerse yourself in the spiritual ambiance of Buddhist monasteries.
  • Trek through lush pine and rhododendron forests.
  • Witness the majesty of Ganesh Himal and Himal Chuli.
  • Enjoy the ease of an altitude-friendly trek.
  • Marvel at cascading waterfalls and picturesque rivers.
  • Encounter elusive Himalayan wildlife.
  • Traverse charming suspension bridges.
  • Capture panoramic views of Hiunchuli, Manaslu, and the Poshyop Glacier.
  • Delight in the beauty of prayer flags and mani walls along your route.
  • Embark on a spiritual and scenic adventure in the Tsum Valley.
  • Explore off-the-beaten-path routes in the Manaslu Region.

Day BeforeWelcome Dinner

The day before our trekking expedition begins, we’ll gather for a memorable welcome dinner. It’s a perfect occasion for us to connect and become acquainted with one another before we set off on our exciting adventure. This dinner also provides a valuable opportunity for you to approach your guide with any final questions or concerns you may have.

Day 1Kathmandu to Soti Khola

On our first day, we embark on a journey from Kathmandu to Soti Khola, a picturesque drive that covers approximately 160 kilometers (99.4 miles) and takes 6-8 hours. Starting from an elevation of 550 meters (1805 feet) in Kathmandu, we set out early after breakfast. The route follows the scenic Prithivi Highway, tracing the meandering path of the Trishuli river. As we progress, we pass through Dhading Bensi, serving as the district headquarters of Dhading.

Continuing along the banks of the Budhi Gandaki river, we are treated to breathtaking vistas of towering peaks, including Mt. Manaslu and Ganesh Himal. Our journey leads us to the vibrant Arughat Bazaar, a compact settlement nestled on both sides of the Budhi Gandaki river and connected by a suspension bridge.

After exploring the charms of Arughat, we resume our drive for about two more hours, eventually arriving at our day’s destination, Soti Khola. Here, we settle in and prepare ourselves for the exciting trekking adventures that await in the days ahead.

Day 2Soti Khola to Machha Khola

On our second day, we set out early for a trek from Soti Khola to Machha Khola, gradually ascending in altitude. The journey commences with the crossing of the Soti Khola, offering enchanting views of cascading waterfalls and meandering rivulets that paint the landscape. As we delve deeper into the terrain, a lush Sal forest surrounds us, creating a serene ambiance. Our path leads us to a ridge that overlooks the mighty Budhi Gandaki rapids, a truly awe-inspiring sight. Continuing our trek, we pass through Liding and Khursane, descending through terraced farmlands to reach the charming Gurung village of Lapubesi. The trail then opens into a wide valley, guiding us along the sandy banks of the Budhi Gandaki. Crossing the Nauli Khola, we arrive at our day’s destination, Machha Khola. Here, we settle in for the evening, sharing stories of the day’s adventures and looking ahead to the experiences that await us on our trek.

Day 3 Machha Khola to Jagat

Our third day begins with a hearty breakfast at Machha Khola, setting the stage for another day of adventure. We’ll traverse a fertile landscape, navigating a series of ups and downs along the way. The trail leads us to Tharo Khola, which we’ll cross before entering the charming village of Khorlabesi. Moving forward, we bid farewell to Khorlabesi and continue our journey, eventually arriving at Tatopani. The name “Tatopani” holds the promise of rejuvenation, as it translates to “hot water” in Nepali. True to its name, Tatopani boasts a natural hot spring, offering a delightful opportunity to unwind and revitalize.

As we advance, the valley begins to narrow, guiding us to the banks of the Budhi Gandaki River. Here, we’ll cross the river via a suspension bridge and ascend a stone staircase adorned with vibrant prayer flags. This brings us to Tharo Bharyang, and we’ll continue along a meticulously paved stone path. Our day’s destination is Jagat, a town nestled on the western side of the Budhi Gandaki River. Here, we’ll find respite and comfort, reflecting on the day’s journey and preparing for the adventures that lie ahead in this captivating region.

Day 4Jagat to Lokpa

On our fourth day, we commence our journey in Jagat, where our first task is to register our permits for the Manaslu and Tsum Valley regions at the entry checkpoint. With permits secured, we embark on a day that promises a harmonious blend of natural splendor and cultural depth.

Our path leads us to ascend a rocky ridge, eventually leading to Salleri. Here, we pause, captivated by the breathtaking vistas of Mount Sringi that unfold before us. Continuing our descent, we reach the village of Sirdibas, where an extraordinary experience awaits—the crossing of Nepal’s longest suspension bridge. This thrilling passage ushers us into the enchanting village of Philim.

As we navigate the captivating landscapes of Philim, our trek takes us to Ekle Bhatti and then onwards to Lokpa, serving as the gateway to the Tsum Valley. Lokpa offers our initial glimpse of the magnificent Manaslu range, a sight that inspires awe and wonder. This remote and secluded village carries with it a captivating history, with whispers of a blessing bestowed by Padmashamva centuries ago.

With the day drawing to a close, we settle into Lokpa, enveloped by the tranquil ambiance of this region. Here, we prepare for the adventures that await, eager to delve deeper into the heart of the Tsum Valley in the days that follow.

Day 5Lokpa to Chumling

Our fifth day unfolds with a trek from Lokpa village, marking the true commencement of our journey into the captivating Tsum Valley. To reach this hidden gem, we traverse a deep and narrow gorge that leads us to Lokpa, where the real adventure begins. Along this path, nature unveils its grandeur, treating us to breathtaking views of the imposing Boudha Himal (6,672 meters) and the majestic Ganesh Himal.

Descending from Lokpa, our trail guides us into the enchanting Lungwa river valley, where we find ourselves immersed in a dense forest adorned with vibrant rhododendron, juniper, and pine trees. Our journey continues, and we soon arrive at Gumling, followed by Syar Khola, which signifies our arrival in the village of Chumling.

With ample time on our hands, we take the opportunity to explore Chumling, a place of profound spiritual significance. Here, we visit three of the village’s main monasteries—The Panago Gompa, Mani Dhungyur, and Gurwa Gompa. These sacred sites offer a glimpse into the deep-rooted spirituality and cultural richness of the region.

As the day winds to a close, we settle into Chumling, taking in the serenity of the Tsum Valley and eagerly anticipating the adventures that await us in the days to come.

Day 6 Chumling to Chhokangparo

Our sixth day begins early in the morning as we set our sights on Chhokangparo. This destination, situated in the upper reaches of the Tsum Valley, holds the promise of enchanting landscapes and cultural encounters. Chhokangparo is a distinctive settlement, actually comprising two separate villages—Chhokang and Paro. Nestled on flat terrain, it presents a striking contrast to the rugged landscapes we’ve encountered.

Our trail traces the course of the Shiar Khola, leading us to Domje, the largest town in the Tsum Valley. From here, our path ascends, gradually unveiling the panoramic splendor of the Ganesh Himal and Himalchuli. These majestic peaks dominate the horizon, offering a breathtaking backdrop to our journey.

As we reach Chhokangparo, we are welcomed by the warmth of local hospitality, an integral part of the region’s culture. Here, we have the delightful opportunity to taste their unique Tibetan tea, known as butter tea. This day’s trek is a harmonious blend of natural beauty and cultural immersion, marking another memorable chapter in our exploration of the Tsum Valley.

Day 7Chhokangparo to Nile

Our seventh day of exploration leads us to Nile, the northernmost village nestled in the upper reaches of the Tsum Valley. This picturesque village basks in the warm embrace of the sun on the western side of the Shiar Khola, making it a place of both natural splendor and profound spiritual significance.

The journey to Nile unfolds as we set out from Chhule, a leisurely walk of about twenty minutes to the north. Along this scenic route, we encounter the sacred Phiren Phu Cave, often referred to as Pigeon Cave. This cave holds a deep-rooted place in Tibetan Buddhist history, as it is believed to have been a meditation spot for the revered master Milarepa. His footprints are said to be imprinted within the cave, leaving an enduring mark of his presence.

Continuing on our path, we traverse verdant meadows and traverse fertile yet narrow landscapes. Enriching the region’s cultural tapestry are two additional gumbas, or Buddhist monasteries, adorned with intricate murals and script carved into the very stones. These gumbas also house written scripts on paper and fluttering prayer flags, serving as invaluable socio-cultural assets.

To reach Nile, we cross a suspension bridge that spans the Shiar Khola, a symbolic crossing into this remote and spiritually charged village. As we settle into Nile for the night, we are enveloped by the serene ambiance of the Tsum Valley, eagerly anticipating the cultural and natural treasures that await our exploration in the days ahead.

Day 8 Nile to Mu Gompa with a Visit to Dhephyudonma Gompa

Our eighth day begins with an early morning breakfast, setting the stage for an ascent that promises both spiritual discovery and breathtaking vistas. Departing from the tranquil Nile Village, we embark on a trail that gradually leads us to Mu Gompa, the Tsum Valley’s largest and most significant monastery.

As we trek for approximately two hours from Nile village, we are met with a profound spiritual landmark—the Dhephyudonma Gumba. This ancient monastery holds a revered place in the region’s history, signifying the origins of Buddhism in this valley and serving as a testament to centuries of faith and devotion.

Continuing our journey, we press on toward Mu Gompa, a monastery established in 1895. This sacred sanctuary occupies the highest and remotest point within the Tsum Valley. Within its hallowed walls, Mu Gompa safeguards a treasury of religious relics, including the Kangyur—a collection of sacred Buddhist scriptures. The monastery also houses a life-size statue of Avalokiteshwara, as well as portraits of revered Buddhist masters like Padmasambhava and Tara.

To reach Mu Gompa, our path leads us through expansive yak pastures and the rugged, arid terrain of the Trans-Himalayas. These unique landscapes serve as a testament to the resilience of life in this remote region. As we finally arrive at Mu Gompa, we are enveloped by the profound spiritual ambiance of this sanctuary, ready to immerse ourselves further in the rich cultural and religious heritage that the Tsum Valley has to offer.

Day 9 Mu Gompa to Rachen Gompa

Our ninth day commences shortly after breakfast, embarking on a trek to Rachen Gompa, a nunnery nestled in the serene Shiar Khola Valley. This journey unfolds amidst the foothills of the mountains that mark the border between Nepal and Tibet, offering a unique blend of natural beauty and spiritual discovery.

Our route retraces our steps through Chhule before continuing our descent to Phurba. From this point onward, our path follows the eastern banks of the Siyar Khola, leading us across boulder-covered plains. Along this scenic route, we gradually make our way to Rachen Gompa, a sacred monastery established in 1905.

Rachen Gompa is home to nuns of the Ngak-pa sect, and its interior is adorned with a rich tapestry of murals that tell the stories of Buddhism and its history. The gompa provides a tranquil sanctuary where spirituality and culture converge, offering a serene backdrop for reflection and exploration.

As we reach Rachen Gompa and immerse ourselves in its serene ambiance, we are poised to further deepen our understanding of the spiritual and cultural treasures that the Tsum Valley holds within its embrace.

Day 10 Rachen Gompa to Gumba Lungdang

Our tenth day of adventure leads us from Rachen Gompa to Gumba Lungdang, as we continue to explore the hidden treasures of the Tsum Valley. The day’s journey takes us on a southward path towards Chhokangparo, retracing familiar routes and discovering new vistas.

Within the first two hours of our trek, we encounter a small yet spiritually significant white Gompa in Gho (2,485 meters), serving as a serene oasis amid the rugged terrain. From this point, our trail descends, guiding us to a charming wooden bridge that gracefully spans the Siyar Khola, a picturesque crossing that adds to the enchantment of our journey.

After crossing the bridge, we reach Domje, a village that reveals the diverse facets of life in the Tsum Valley. Domje is not only home to a Tibetan herbal medicine clinic but also hosts a school, reflecting the coexistence of traditional healing practices and the pursuit of education in this remote region.

Continuing eastward, we ascend through a landscape adorned with pine, juniper, and rhododendron forests, each step adorned with the presence of mani walls and prayer flags, tangible symbols of the valley’s rich spiritual heritage.

As we ascend once more through the silvery embrace of the pine forest, our destination comes into view – Lungdang Gompa. The spring season paints the landscape with vibrant rhododendron blooms, adding a burst of color to our trek.

Gumba Lungdang, our resting place for the night, is not only a spiritual refuge but also a vibrant community, housing around forty nuns. Here, the profound puja (prayer) sessions from 6:00 to 7:30 pm resonate with spirituality, creating a serene atmosphere.

From the vantage point of Gumba Lungdang, we are treated to awe-inspiring views of the majestic mountains that surround us, providing a moment of quiet contemplation amid the grandeur of nature. As the day draws to a close, we settle into this tranquil haven, ready to embrace the wonders that lie ahead in the heart of the Tsum Valley.

Day 11Gumba Lungdang to Ganesh Himal Base Camp and back to Gumba Lungdang

Our eleventh day embarks on an exciting adventure as we trek towards the Ganesh Himal Base Camp, a journey that promises both challenges and rewards. The day unfolds with an initial ascent, but the captivating views that gradually unveil themselves along the way make every step a testament to nature’s grandeur.

Navigating through lesser-trodden paths in smaller valleys, we make our way towards the elusive Ganesh Himal Base Camp. While the trail may not always be clearly marked due to its relatively low foot traffic, our knowledgeable guides are there to ensure we stay on the right path, leaving you free to immerse yourself in the experience.

After approximately four hours of trekking, our efforts are generously rewarded as we arrive at the Ganesh Himal Base Camp. Here, the panoramic vistas that greet us are nothing short of breathtaking, with the rugged majesty of the Ganesh Himal range stretching as far as the eye can see.

Having indulged in the splendor of this high-altitude haven, we retrace our steps, making our way back to the comforting haven of Gumba Lungdang. As night descends upon us, we carry with us the cherished memories of a day filled with exploration, adventure, and the awe-inspiring presence of the mighty Ganesh Himal.

Day 12 Gumba Lungdang to Lokpa

Our twelfth day marks the return journey as we bid farewell to Gumba Lungdang and set our course for Lokpa. The day’s trek commences with a descent, guiding us back to Domje. Here, we opt for the upper track, crossing the Laudang Khola as we make our way down.

As we leave Domje behind, our path leads us southward, guiding us through captivating forests brimming with life. Along the way, we navigate a series of suspension bridges, adding a touch of adventure to our descent. Our route takes us through the scenic village of Ripche (2,470 meters) before continuing to Batti Ghumlong.

From Batti Ghumlong, we embark on a gradual ascent that eventually brings us to Lokpa. As we re-enter the familiar village, a sense of nostalgia washes over us, a reminder of the incredible journey we’ve undertaken through the Tsum Valley. With each passing day, we’ve grown closer to the heart of this enchanting region, and Lokpa welcomes us back with open arms as we reflect on the cherished memories we’ve created along the way.

Day 13Lokpa to Jagat

On the thirteenth day of our trek, we embark on a downhill journey from Lokpa, making our way back to Jagat. As we retrace our steps, the Budhi Gandaki river once again becomes our companion, and the landscape offers intermittent glimpses of the majestic mountains that have accompanied us on this remarkable journey.

The day’s trek unfolds with a gentle descent through verdant forests and diverse terrain, providing a soothing contrast to the challenges of high-altitude trekking. Along our route, we traverse a series of suspension bridges, infusing a sense of adventure into our final leg.

Passing through Sirdibas village, we eventually reach Jagat, where the Budhi Gandaki river welcomes us back into its embrace. As we approach the end of our Tsum Valley expedition, we can’t help but reflect on the extraordinary landscapes, rich cultures, and unforgettable experiences that have defined this adventure. Jagat marks both our reconnection with the outside world and our farewell to the captivating realm of the Tsum Valley.


Day 14Jagat to Lapu Bensi

On the fourteenth and final day of our trek, we bid adieu to Jagat and commence our descent towards Lapu Bensi. The day’s journey predominantly involves a pleasant downhill trek, a refreshing change from the challenging ascents we’ve conquered. Yet, the adventure is not without its thrills, thanks to the suspension bridges that add a touch of excitement to our homeward-bound path.

As we retrace our steps, we reacquaint ourselves with familiar landmarks like Machha Khola and navigate the suspension bridge spanning Nauli Khola. Following the sandy banks of the Budhi Gandaki river, our trek brings us to Lapu Bensi, a picturesque Gurung village.

Here, amidst the serene surroundings and warm hospitality of the locals, we reflect on the incredible experiences and cherished memories that have filled our Tsum Valley expedition. It’s a bittersweet moment as we bid farewell to this enchanting Himalayan realm, but the enduring memories and newfound perspectives will accompany us on our journey back to Kathmandu.

Day 15 Lapu Bensi to Arughat Bazaar

On the fifteenth and final day of our Tsum Valley adventure, we prepare to bid farewell to the mountains and retrace our steps towards Arughat Bazaar. This day’s trek is relatively short, allowing us to savor the remaining moments in this enchanting region.

Our journey begins by following the meandering course of the Budhi Gandaki river for a few hours until we reach Soti Khola. From here, we transition to a more comfortable mode of transportation, a jeep, which will expedite our return to Arughat Bazaar.

As we traverse the winding roads, the scenic landscapes gradually give way to the bustling ambiance of Arughat Bazaar. This vibrant market town welcomes us with its small cafes and shops, providing a fitting conclusion to our Tsum Valley odyssey.

Here, amidst the sights and sounds of Arughat Bazaar, we can reflect on the incredible experiences, cherished encounters, and spiritual insights gained during our trek. It’s a moment of transition, where the tranquil beauty of the mountains merges with the vibrant tapestry of Nepali culture.

Day 16 Return to Kathmandu

The sixteenth day of our Tsum Valley expedition brings a bittersweet moment as we bid farewell to the captivating mountains and serene landscapes, making our way back to the bustling capital city of Kathmandu.

Our day commences with an early morning breakfast, and then we set off on a scenic drive, retracing our path alongside the enchanting Trishuli River. As the bus navigates the winding roads, the picturesque green hills and captivating scenery provide one last opportunity to soak in the natural beauty of Nepal.

Continuing our journey, the bus heads eastward along the Prithivi Highway, leading us back to the vibrant heart of Kathmandu. This marks the conclusion of our remarkable Tsum Valley adventure.

Upon our return to Kathmandu, you are free to utilize your time as you see fit. Whether you choose to explore the city’s historical and cultural landmarks, engage in some last-minute souvenir shopping, or simply unwind and reflect on the unforgettable journey, Kathmandu offers a wealth of options for exploration and relaxation.

With our arrival in Kathmandu, our Tsum Valley trek reaches its conclusion, leaving us with cherished memories, newfound insights, and a profound appreciation for Nepal’s natural wonders and rich cultural heritage.

What is the best time to trek?

Choosing the right time for your Tsum Valley trek is crucial to ensure an enjoyable and safe experience. Each season in the Himalayas offers a unique adventure. Here’s a breakdown of the best seasons to consider:

Spring (March to May):
Spring is the most favorable season for embarking on the Tsum Valley trek. During these months, the Himalayan region experiences delightful weather conditions. As March unfolds, temperatures begin to rise, paving the way for comfortable trekking. April and May offer even milder weather at higher elevations. This season presents trekkers with the best opportunity to witness the awe-inspiring beauty of the Manaslu mountains and surrounding glaciers, thanks to the clear, blue skies. Adding to the allure, rhododendron forests burst into bloom, painting the landscape with vivid colors, making spring an ideal time for nature enthusiasts.

Autumn (September to November):
Autumn ranks as another prime season for the Tsum Valley trek. It attracts numerous trekkers due to its pleasant climate and excellent visibility. With the monsoon’s retreat in September, the region experiences near-perfect trekking conditions. Daytime temperatures hover around a comfortable 20 degrees Celsius, ensuring a pleasant journey. The skies remain clear, treating trekkers to mesmerizing mountain vistas and well-marked trails. Autumn’s charm extends beyond nature, as it coincides with major Nepalese festivals like Dashain and Tihar, immersing trekkers in a festive atmosphere.

Winter (December to February):
Winter is the least popular season for the Tsum Valley trek, primarily due to challenging weather conditions. December and January witness heavy snowfall, causing the closure of lodges, particularly in Mu Gompa. However, for those seeking solitude and a unique adventure, winter trekking can be rewarding. The serene snowy landscapes offer a different perspective of the region, and trekkers can enjoy crystal-clear mountain views amidst the peaceful solitude.

Summer (June to August):
The summer months in Nepal, from June to August, are not recommended for the Tsum Valley trek. This period coincides with the monsoon season, characterized by frequent heavy rainfall. The trails become waterlogged and slippery, posing safety concerns for trekkers. Landslides and challenging river crossings are common, making trekking inadvisable. Despite the lush greenery, the potential hazards and adverse weather conditions make summer an unfavorable time to explore the Tsum Valley.

In summary, both spring and autumn offer the best conditions for the Tsum Valley trek, with clear skies, pleasant temperatures, and vibrant landscapes. Winter and summer are less popular due to extreme weather conditions and safety concerns, but they can provide unique experiences for those seeking adventure in more challenging environments.

Trek travel insurance

Travel insurance is compulsory for the trek. All the trekkers must provide a copy of their comprehensive travel insurance policy certificate. The policy must cover medical and emergency repatriation – including helicopter rescue and evacuation expenses at high altitudes (up to 4,000m).

Trekking members are kindly requested to send their detailed insurance information after trek booking. In case of emergencies, we will be using the insurance policy and informational documents you sent us. It will help us arrange a quick and effective rescue operation, transfer for emergency medical help, etc. Please ensure that your insurance covers all costs incurred during mountain rescue service.

Before buying travel insurance, make sure to call the insurance company and recheck if they have heli-rescue up to 4,000m.


During the Tsum Valley trek, acclimatization rests are vital for a safe and enjoyable experience. It’s essential to schedule breaks in between treks and upon reaching daily destinations to allow your body to adjust gradually to higher altitudes. This acclimatization process is crucial in preventing altitude sickness, a common occurrence in mountainous regions. Altitude sickness can affect anyone, regardless of their fitness level or age. However, by being aware of its symptoms, such as headaches, nausea, and fatigue, and by following accurate preventive guidelines, it is possible to mitigate and even cure altitude sickness. The highest point of the trek, Ganesh Himal Base Camp at an elevation of 4200m, makes proper acclimatization all the more important for a safe and enjoyable journey through these stunning landscapes.

Drinking water

We recommend you bring a container for one liter of water. In the teahouses we can buy boiled water suitable for drinking with which to fill our bottles. Another option is to refill the water from the fountains that we find along the way or from the tap of the teahouses themselves, for this we have to count on water disinfectant tablets that we can find in pharmacies.

Unveiling the Fascinating Charms of Tsum Valley

Tsum Valley, situated in the Himalayas, is a remarkable destination with intriguing secrets waiting to be uncovered. This remote valley feels like it’s frozen in time, far away from modern development, which creates a genuine sense of isolation.

As you explore deeper into Tsum Valley, you’ll encounter a fascinating mix of cultures and traditions. The local people, mostly of Tibetan descent, speak a unique dialect that adds a touch of mystery to the area. Until 2008, this place was off-limits to outsiders, which helped preserve its hidden treasures.

When you explore Tsum Valley, you’ll come across ancient religious and archaeological relics that have endured the test of time, providing insights into the valley’s history. You’ll also find Buddhist monuments like Mani walls and chortens scattered across the landscape, creating a spiritual atmosphere.

Diving into the local culture, you’ll discover the intriguing practice of polyandry, where a woman can have multiple husbands. This unique aspect, along with rich customs and a distinctive dialect, makes the Tsumbas stand out.

Tsum Valley isn’t just about its culture; it’s also a haven for nature lovers. It’s a protected area where hunting is strictly prohibited, which has allowed wildlife to flourish here, unlike many other places in Nepal. Traditional activities like yak herding and trade with Tibet still play a significant role in daily life, blending tradition with modernity.

What makes Tsum Valley even more appealing are its stunning landscapes. With majestic mountain views, numerous monasteries, and the warm hospitality of the Tsumba people, it offers the best of what Nepal has to offer. This well-preserved gem showcases breathtaking scenery and celebrates unique festivals like Lhosar, Dhacyhang, Saka Dawa, and Faning, ensuring that every moment in Tsum Valley is filled with wonder and enchantment.

People, Culture, and Celebrations in Tsum Valley

Tsum Valley is a truly unique place where traditions have endured for generations without much change. The local population here largely has Tibetan heritage and speaks a distinct language. What’s intriguing is that some families practice polyandry, allowing a woman to have multiple husbands, and these families are often quite well-off and organized.

Buddhism is deeply ingrained in the lives of the Tsum Valley residents. It’s believed that the famous Buddhist saint Milarepa meditated in the caves of these mountains, contributing to the region’s special aura. People in this valley follow Buddhism closely, offering prayers to figures like Buddha and Guru Rinpoche. You’ll frequently come across Prayer Flags, Khata (ceremonial scarves), and Mani walls, all symbolic of their faith. They also hold a belief in the reincarnation of lamas and have numerous stories about supernatural beings, leading to special rituals designed to ward them off.

The valley hosts some unique celebrations that shed light on their culture. The Tibetan New Year, Loshar, is a significant event involving offerings of incense to spirits and deities. The Horse Festival, known as Dhachyang, is another important occasion featuring horse races and enjoyable activities. In May, people observe Happy Saka Dawa, a celebration honoring the birth and enlightenment of Lord Buddha, marked by fasting and special rituals. In August, Faning is a delightful festival where people celebrate the energy they derive from food.

Tsum Valley is like a living time capsule, where ancient customs, beliefs, and celebrations continue to thrive, all set against the backdrop of the magnificent Himalayan peaks.

3 Reviews
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Couple Traveller

Tsum Valley with Firantes was a cultural revelation! The remote villages, ancient monasteries, and warm locals made this journey unforgettable. Firantes’ commitment to preserving local culture and traditions is commendable. Trekking through this hidden gem of Nepal was a true privilege.

September 13, 2023


Solo Traveller

Tsum Valley touched my soul in ways I can’t describe. The serene monasteries, prayer flags fluttering in the wind, and the sound of monks chanting created a profound sense of peace. Firantes’ guides provided insights into the spiritual significance of the region, deepening the experience. This trek was not just a physical journey; it was a spiritual awakening.

February 8, 2023

D. Miller

Solo Traveller

was an adventure of a lifetime!!!!!!!!!!!!! was worth every step

January 10, 2023
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